Anna Hazare’s Jan LokPal: A Puppet on a string?
by Naagesh Padmanaban on 26 Aug 2011 24 Comments

Like most Indians, this writer have been following the anti-corruption movement that has taken center stage in India over the past few months. Anna Hazare and his friends have been staging protests seeking a tough anti-corruption law. The attention this movement has commanded is indeed remarkable, too remarkable for comfort to be a spontaneous venting we are used to seeing all these years in India. The speed and professionalism with which Anna Fast I and Anna Fast II have been organized has not been missed by the discerning. Further, many have noticed the ultra-professionalism with which the media has been handled. Contrast this with Baba Ramdev’s fast at Ramlila Maidan and the chaos that descended there when police sought to disperse the gathering.  


Given the fact that Anna Hazare has risen from humble beginnings and his work has largely been in rural Maharashtra, the display of slick organizational and media management skills stands out. Let’s face it - in India only a large national political party - either the Congress or the BJP - has the muscle and means to pull off a national event like this. Some regional parties – for example DMK or even the AIADMK – have shown their mettle in organizing such events, but that skill is limited to the state level only. The fact that Anna Hazare with a handful of his notable friends could pull this off is astonishing, and bothering.


The more attention one pays to Anna’s movement, the more reluctant one becomes to endorse it. It is not that one does not support anti-corruption laws. A dynamic democracy like India periodically needs new laws for better governance. But such a need cannot be a show stopper. The fact that senior politicians have been arrested in the 2G and Commonwealth Games scams and face possible convictions under existing laws shows that India’s problem is not inadequacy of laws. Most reasonable Indians know and understand this. A real anti-corruption movement should seek to provide autonomy to the enforcement agencies to go after the corrupt, so that lack of political will does not hamper investigations and convictions. Team Anna has been silent on this and this is worrying.


Team Anna seeks to undermine the legislative authority of Parliament and arrogates to itself the power to dictate – not just discuss and negotiate – but in totality dictate the enactment of laws. In other words, Anna and his associates are literally dictating to Parliament what laws should be enacted, when, and on what terms and conditions. Parliament may debate, but is not at liberty to even modify the Bill!!! Nor can it determine the modalities and timeframe of the passing of the legislation; it is a ‘do as per my dotted line’ syndrome. However well-meaning the intentions of Jan Lokpal draft bill may be, undermining Parliament’s legislative powers is unacceptable. Luckily India’s MPs did not succumb easily. They summarily rejected the deadline set by Anna and company for passing the Bill. This is correct and needs to be commended.


Team Anna is not accountable to the electorate or any parliamentary committee, or for that matter anybody at all as far as we can see. They are setting a dangerous precedent for any group with money and muscle to bring people to the streets to dictate their own set of laws. This would be jungle democracy.


Unlike the banana republics and paper democracies of the world, India and its citizens have enjoyed a liberal albeit poverty-stricken democracy since 1947. A consequence has been that any major and contentious legislation in India is a time consuming process because diverse views and opinions have to be heard and accommodated – a fact that has only helped make India a vibrant democracy.


Hence one cannot understand the haste and urgency for passing the Jan Lokpal Bill without deliberation or discussion. Fighting corruption is one thing, but setting an immutable deadline for passing the legislation in our plural society will deprive many smaller and weaker sections of society - through their elected representatives - a say in the process. This has not gone down well with many Indians. One can see this in the deafening silence and hesitation of many prominent non-political Indians (especially former Justices) who are otherwise eloquent.


Negotiation is the heart of politics. Often compromise is the happy midway meeting that resolves contentious political issues. But Anna’s intransigence and often belligerent posturing has cast a doubt on the seriousness of his team to negotiate for a common good. All negotiations - whether intended or otherwise - seem to predictably breakdown.  


One cannot but notice the complete lack of statecraft by Dr. Manmohan Singh’s government. This is not the first fast-unto-death protest in India. Probably no other government in the world has more experience in handling such agitations than India’s Central and State governments. But the amateurish handling of Anna’s protest points more to dissent within the government than to real incompetence. This has only compounded Dr. Singh’s woes.


The more one watches the scene, the more disturbed one gets. We are all for rooting out corruption, but Anna’s movement seems to be manufactured. One cannot be sure if Anna and his group are fighting corruption or using corruption as a weapon to fight India’s democracy.


Their reluctance to submit to a Parliamentary committee, their undue haste, their insistence on having only Magsaysay Award or Nobel Prize winning Indians in the Jan Lokpal Bill (or in the selection of the Lokpals)  - just to name a few - definitely do not suggest a commitment to fight corruption.


Their agitation, albeit peaceful and non-violent (so far) – has come at a time when the Supreme Court has been cracking down on political corruption and has ordered the CBI to investigate major scams of recent times. The 2G scam comes to mind not only because of the huge monetary loss to the national exchequer, but also because of the galaxy of important political honchos that have been caught with their hands in the cookie jar. Never before has India seen so many powerful netas, babus and corporate leaders crowded in the damp cells of Tihar Jail for corruption.


Is it the intended or unintended consequence of the show put up by Anna and friends that national attention has been diverted away from the court rooms where major scams are unravelling?


It is true that Anna and his friends have attracted a huge crowds – many of them young twitterrati. Anna’s protest has provided millions of Indians - who have been enraged by the scale of corruption in the UPA government - a forum and a meeting place to vent. It would be naïve to assume that all or most of them are committed Anna followers. They would continue to support and hit streets for anyone who calls then to fight corruption. Baba Ramdev has also attracted huge crowds. They will disperse as quickly and quietly as they gathered.


Anna’s fixation in passing his pet Jan Lokpal bill reminds me of a puppet on a string.


Naagesh Padmanaban is a US-based Finance Industry professional; he lives in Philadelphia 

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